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盐城法语翻译怎样做好

   近几年法语已经成为了除英语外最受国人喜爱的外语之一,那么法语翻译怎样做好?今天盐城翻译公司给大家带来了学习法语翻译的知识。

  In recent years, French has become one of the most popular foreign languages besides English. How to translate French well? Today's document translation brings you the knowledge of learning French translation.

  一、日积月累、勤学苦练

  1. Accumulative study and hard training

  学好法语和中文是作一名好的法语翻译的最基本条件。许多人都会存在这样的一种误解,认为到了外国就不用再费力地学习外语啦,外语水平自然而然就会提高啦了。其实不然,在外国工作,外语的学习环境固然比在国内要好得多。但是如果不有意识地学习与积累,外语的水平当然也不会有很多的提高。我们经常会看到:两位同样是在法国的使馆工作了3、4年的年轻的外交官,刚到法国的时候两人的法语水平相差无几,但由于一个勤奋好学,另一个不思进取安于现状,几年的时间,使这两个人的法语水平拉开了很大的差距。许多人的经验已经充分证明,即使在国外工作,也不能放弃对外语的学习,而满足于能应付日常所需。而应当充分利用好国外良好的语言环境,力争使自己的综合外语应用能力提高得快一些。

  Learning French and Chinese well is the basic condition for a good French translation. Many people will have such a misunderstanding that when they come to a foreign country, they will no longer have to work hard to learn a foreign language, and their foreign language proficiency will naturally improve. In fact, working in a foreign country, foreign language learning environment is much better than at home. But if we do not consciously learn and accumulate, the level of foreign language will certainly not improve a lot. We often see that two young diplomats who have also worked in the French embassy for three or four years have almost the same French proficiency when they first arrived in France, but because one is diligent and eager to learn and the other is not enterprising and content with the status quo, for several years, the French proficiency of the two men has widened a great gap. Many people's experience has fully proved that even working abroad, they can not give up learning foreign languages and meet their daily needs. We should make full use of the good foreign language environment and strive to improve our comprehensive foreign language application ability faster.

  读报纸、看电视、听广播应当成为法语翻译每天的必修课,发现一些生动的、鲜活的表达方式要立即用笔记录下来,有空儿的时候常把这些积累的素材拿出来读一读,背一背。等到作翻译时如果恰好遇到相似的场景就信手拈来,往往能收到画龙点睛之效。

  Reading newspapers, watching TV and listening to the radio should be compulsory courses for French translation every day. It is found that some vivid and vivid expressions should be recorded immediately with notes. When you have time, you often take these accumulated materials out for reading and reciting. When translating, if you happen to encounter similar scenes, you will always be able to get the finishing touches.

  立志做一名合格的法语翻译的人就要把学习法语和中文当作一种生活方式,要做到"拳不离手、曲不离口",学而不倦、乐此不疲;不满足于"基本上能应付一气的"、一般水平上的"听说读写译",要努力把自己的中外文水平提升到较高的层次,具备用简明、流畅、准确的语言自如地表达自己的思想的能力。

  A person who aspires to be a qualified French translator should regard learning French and Chinese as a way of life. He should be "persistent, tireless, and willing to learn"; he should not be satisfied with "basically able to cope with one thing" and "listening, speaking, reading, writing and translation" at a general level, and strive to raise his Chinese and foreign language level to a higher level with conciseness, fluency and accuracy. The ability to express oneself freely in language.

  二、广泛、深入地了解和掌握背景资料

  2. Wide and in-depth understanding and mastery of background information

  法语翻译如果对双方谈话中所涉及到的内容一无所知或知之甚少,就很难准确地将资料翻译出来,如果作为翻译,自己都不能够理解,又怎么能够让别人去理解你的意思呢?所以说,掌握好法国的背景资料,对法语翻译来说至关重要。可以说翻译对双方所谈及的议题的相关背景资料了解得越广泛、越深入,翻译起来就变得越得心应手、游刃有余。

  If a French translator knows nothing or little about the contents involved in the conversation, it will be difficult to translate the materials accurately. If as a translator, he cannot understand himself, how can he let others understand your meaning? Therefore, it is very important for French translation to master the background information of France. It can be said that the more widely and deeply the translator understands the relevant background information of the topics he or she talks about, the better he or she will be able to translate.

  三、注意收集和熟悉一些常用的缩略词和简称

  3. Pay attention to collecting and familiarizing with some commonly used abbreviations and abbreviations

  人们在谈话中经常会讲许多缩略词和简称,如人大、政协、"三个有利于"、"抓大放小"等;法语中也有不少类似的缩略词和简称,如OGM(转基因食品)、TVA(增值税)、"NINI"(既不私有化也不国有化)、......这些缩略词和简称一不小心就很容易成为法语翻译的拦路虎。

  People often talk about many abbreviations and abbreviations, such as the NPC, the CPPCC, the "Three Benefits" and "Grasping the Big and Reducing the Small". There are many similar abbreviations and abbreviations in French, such as OGM (genetically modified food), TVA (VAT), NINI (neither privatization nor nationalization),... These abbreviations and abbreviations can easily become obstacles to French translation if they are not careful.

  另外,法国人在谈话中提到我国重要机构和大企业时习惯于使用它们的英文缩写,如SDPC(国家计委)、DRC(国务院发展研究中心)、CCPIT(贸促会)、CASC(中航总)、CAAC(民航总局),CNOOC(中国海洋石油总公司)、UNICOM(中国联通),这些缩略词虽属于"窗户纸"---一点就破,但却经常使翻译卡壳,让一名法语翻译记很多上述这样的缩略词似乎显得有点儿勉为其难,但不降服这些拦路虎就可能经常要出洋相。有意识地收集和熟悉一些常用的缩略词和简称,在以后的翻译工作中受益匪浅,经常能派上用场。

  In addition, French people are accustomed to using their English abbreviations when referring to important institutions and large enterprises in China, such as SDPC, DRC, CCPIT, CASC, CAAC, CNOOC and UNICOM. Although these abbreviations belong to "window paper" - - broken at one point, they often use them. It seems a little difficult for a French translator to memorize many of the above abbreviations, but it may often make a fool of himself if he does not surrender these obstacles. Conscio

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